Listing and Nulling
There are three different actions it is important to keep apart.
A. List of Charged Terminals: On Grade processes we had instructions like: (1) Get a list of charged terminals from the pc. (2) Run Process X on each.
A variation of that was to inspect the pc's folder before session and make up such a list and test items for charge with the Meter. You would usually take up all charged terminals in order of size of reads.
B. In Assessment by Elimination you use Meter Drill 24, Elimination. You have a prepared list, that you read line by line to the pc, noting all instant reads. You then repeat the reading items until you have eliminated all but one line. This has its uses in finding the most charged item from a prepared list.
C. There is third action called Listing & Nulling. Here the auditor uses a carefully formulated question to find The Item - meaning one high powered answer that is The answer. Such an answer will usually give a BD F/N Item.
A. Charged Terminals
So far on the Grades we have used 'list of charged terminals' to audit charged areas on the pc's case. On Grade 0 we had:
"2. Axiom 51 Comm process"
We used a list of charged terminals from the folder (complaints, out ruds, dominating or bothersome people from interviews, etc.).
This list was prepared before session and assessed per Meter Drill 26 to find which order to run the items in. Items that didn't read we wouldn't use at all. We simply wanted to find reading terminals and run them to bleed charge off pc's case.
In "Locational Body Comm Process" We used 'whatever body part(s) pc complained about'. We ran the process "On charged body parts, culled from worksheets" or from "a list of body parts from pc". There are many other such instructions on the Grades.
On Grade 2 we had: Dynamic
We made a 'Represent List'. We simply made a long list of people, groups, and things in
pc's life that represented his dynamics. We used this to bleed charge off the
pc's case with a process.
Also on Grade 2 we had: "O/W Process on Problem Persons". The instructions were: "Ask 'Give me some persons you have problems with'. (We use persons (plural) to prevent pc from running this as an L & N type list). Run following process on each reading item in descending order of reads:"
These actions are all examples of getting charged terminals relevant to pc's life and case and just keep at it to get TA action and bleed off the charge. In all these we use EM Drill 26 to find the charged terminals and run the most charged first; then the rest. There is no element of choosing or eliminating. It is simply a matter of arranging the order in which we take up charged items. (We do of course eliminate non-charged items).
B. Assessment by Elimination
In Assessment by Elimination you follow Meter Drill 24 (Elimination). You have a prepared list of possible charged items and you only want to use the most charged one for the process. The list can be prepared by the C/S or it can be a printed and published list of items. You do not ask pc for items at all here. You simply do the Assessment on the Meter per the EM 24. Let's say you have a prepared list with 10 items. On first Assessment you get a read on 3, 5, 8, 9, 10. Now you only assess these 5 lines. You get 5, 8 are still reading. You read 5 and 8 and find 5 is now null and 8 has a small fall. 8 is your item here and you use that for your process. Listing & Nulling below is different from the two actions above.
C. Listing & Nulling
Listing and Nulling starts with a carefully formulated question, which is designed to get one and only one final answer from the pc. That basic or final answer is called The Item.
The auditor will have a question like: "Who or
(Example (not an actual auditing question): "Who or What have you tried to compete with?")
The auditor will check the question for read before he engages in Listing. He then asks the pc the question and writes down the list of items from pc. When he has a list and pc apparently has given all the items he could find the auditor narrows it down to one item. Usually this is a very easy procedure in modern auditing. Sometimes it takes a little more work. The exact actions of how to nail it down to one item are covered in the Laws of Listing & Nulling.
There are thus two phases in Listing & Nulling:
There is the Listing: The auditor asks the Listing question and writes down the all the answers pc has in response to this question.
There is Nulling: The auditor reads this list back to the pc to narrow it down to one charged and final answer. When he has found that, he gives pc his item and it should get a BD F/N VGI on the pc.
Example: The Listing question is:
"Who or What caused the car accident?" (F)
The auditor has a reading L&N question and asks pc:
"Who or what caused the car accident?"
Pc gives a list in response:
The clutch x The weather x The stray dog SF The bad breaks SF The passenger x The driver F
The auditor has a list with 3 reads. He now nulls this list by reading it back to pc (reads in column N1):
Items: L1 N1 The clutch x x The weather x x The stray dog SF SF The bad breaks SF x The passenger x SF The driver F F
The auditor has more than one reading item on Nulling the list. Per the Laws of L&N he extends the list. This is done by asking the question again: "I am going to extend the List". "Who or what caused the car accident?" The new answers are below the Extend line (reads marked in Lx column):
Items: L1 N1 Lx The clutch x x The weather x x The stray dog SF SF The bad breaks SF x The passenger x SF The driver F F EXTEND -------- Blinding sun F Dog owner SF
The auditor now nulls the whole list, including the extension (reads marked in N2 column):
Items: L1 N1 Lx N2 The clutch x x x The weather x x x The stray dog SF SF x The bad breaks SF x x The passenger x SF x The driver F F x EXTENDED -------- Blinding sun F x Dog owner SF F
The list now has only one reading item on second Nulling.
The auditor assumes that this is The Item.
He asks pc: "Is 'Dog owner' your Item?"
Pc answers: "Yes!" with a BD F/N VGI's.
The auditor says: "I want to indicate 'Dog Owner' is your Item". He marks this clearly on his list.
L&N actions are always kept on a separate sheet of paper. The list is paper-clipped to the session report. This is important since L&N actions sometimes are reviewed later - either for verification or correction. You write the pc's name, the date, the exact L&N question with read at the top. You always cycle the Item with a pen and write Indicated to pc (IND), if you did so. Also the resulting Meter reaction. You will still keep track of doing the action and what pc said in addition, reactions and indicators in your work sheets. The List should just contain the raw data:
Pc: N.N. Date: xx/xx/xx W/W caused the car accident? (F) Items: L1 N1 Lx N2 The clutch x x x The weather x x x The stray dog SF SF x The bad breaks SF x x The passenger x SF x The driver F F x EXTENDED-------- Blinding sun F x >Dog owner< SF F Indicated to pc 2.8-2.6 BD FN VGI
General About L&N
Early on in Scn, the action of L&N was poorly understood. According to a lecture by R. Hubbard in 1962, a list could go on and on. As many as 2,500 items were reported! In modern auditing more than 5-10 items are unusual. Many times the listing question will go to BD F/N VGI item very quickly without even have to null the list. The next chapter about the Laws of Listing & Nulling contains the exact procedure with some examples.
Let us here just make some remarks about the nature of L&N questions. You have to understand they are highly charged questions. But if the pc is fully set up for the action and a standard question is used it is usually a quick and easy action to audit.
Errors in finding the right Item can however cause
serious upsets in session. L&N #12 states:
12. "An underlisted and overlisted list will ARC break the pc and he may refuse to be audited until the list is corrected, and may become furious with auditor and will remain so till it is corrected."
Romantic love seems to
Let's illustrate that with some examples from life. There
are some situations in life which seem to follow the Laws of Listing and
Nulling. Both the examples we use are well known from life and literature:
You have the romantic idea that there is one single partner in life you should marry. According to romantics there is such a person and only one, who is "my true soul mate". This is very close to an L&N action. Let's say a man is looking for the woman meant for him. He finally finds her - the BD F/N VGI Item - his soul mate. But now we can only hope, that he is the BD F/N VGI Item for her. With this you can view the bliss and the utter upsets that happen in the field of finding the right one; and possibly later on, if they find out "They were not meant for each other", you find an explanation for all the blow-ups that also can happen according to L&N Law #12 above. It seems like the rule in the case of a couple breaking up is, they are automatically worst enemies all of a sudden. We will not here go into a long discussion of what of all this is justified or not. A better approach to a relationship is probably to work on it based on increasing ARC. But it is an illustration of why you want only one item on the list - the right one - when you are done.
Being wrongly accused or
Another illustration of L&N is a criminal investigation. You want to find the guilty part and put him behind bars in case of a serious crime. In a less serious crime you want to expose him and know not to trust him. Let's say you had a serial killer. The police wants to hunt him down and put him behind bars so he will kill no more. Arresting somebody "who fits the profile" isn't good enough. The person wrongly accused will see his life ruined (he is getting hung with a wrong item). The criminal will still be out there and more murders will happen. The police has a Wrong Item for their investigation. When they finally get the killer, on the other hand, they have the Right Item. The random murders will stop and everybody around can feel safer and better - including other suspects.
L&N is sometimes used as Why Finding. The Real Why is defined as the biggest aberration from the Ideal Scene. This means, when you have isolated the Real Why you can turn the situation around. If you find the Wrong Why and act upon it things may turn a lot worse. So L&N is powerful stuff. Done right on a pc ready for it and with a standard question, it works real well and is easy to do.